Did you know that nouns in Spanish have to be masculine or femenine? Some of them can be both, and other nouns just need to change its ending to change from masculine to femenine. In English, the most of nouns and every adjective aren’t masculine nor femenine, so words can’t change. But, in Spanish, every noun and every adjective is one of them: masculine or femenine. So in Spanish, a noun can have two different endings in singular: niñ-o, niñ-a. A great amount of nouns in Spanish have this ending (-o/-a): masculine nouns usually end in -o; and femenine nouns usually end in -a, like niño and niña. But what about nouns that end in -e or consonant?
Masculine and femenine nouns in Spanish
In Spanish, you can find nouns ending in vowel or vocal. Nouns ended in -o are usually masculine; nouns ended in -a are usually femenine. But some words look like a tramp. For example, mano (hand) ends in -o, but it is la mano (femenine).
Why it is important to know if a noun is masculine or femenine?
In Spanish, nouns and adjective have a very close relationship. If a noun is masculine and singular, its adjective has to be masculine and singular as well. So if you don’t know if the noun is masculine or femenine, you won’t make just one mistake: you will make more than one in just one sentence. Pay attention to the difference between English and Spanish:
The dog is small. / The dogs are small. (Is it “dog” masculine or femenine?).
El perro es pequeño. / La perra es pequeña. / Los perros son pequeños. / Las perras son pequeñas. (In Spanish, you can know perfectly if the noun is masculine or femenine).
How can you know if a word is masculine or femenine?
As we said, most of Spanish nouns end in -o (masc.) or -a (fem.). There’s not any rule for those words that end in another vowel or in a consonant. You will learn with practice. So pay attention to adjective and articles, they will give you all the information that you need.
If you want to practise this, do this online activity as many times as you want. For solving this puzzle, you will need to know if those nouns are masculine or femenine. If you don’t know any of them, use the dictionary, and it will tell you if that noun is masculine (m.) or femenine (f.) and you will learn a new world.
Do you have any doubt about it? Maybe you should try this online activity first. If you need some help with this, please, comment and we will help you.